The Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority (GPHA) is the national port authority of Ghana, responsible for the governance, maintenance and operation of the ports of Ghana, principally the Port of Sekondi-Takoradi, and Port of Tema, and the Fishing Harbour at Tema. GPHA main offices are in Sekondi-Takoradi, and Tema.
Before the advent of the Port of Takoradi, there were surference ports sited at Cape Coast, Accra, Keta, Sekondi and Axim. Ships calling at these ports were anchored off shore and their cargoes transferred by means of lighters and surf boats. Owing to the dangerous surf, the surference ports were found to be unsuitable and also inadequate to cope with the fast expanding trade of the country. By 1919 it had become clear that the low capacity sailing ships with low draft could no longer cope with the heavy evacuation of Cocoa from the hinterland to the Ports of Accra, Winneba, Sekondi and Cape Coast. This necessitated the decision to build a deep sea harbour capable of accommodating high capacity iron ships then emerging from shipyards in Europe.