Harmony Gold is the third largest gold mining company in South Africa, the 12th largest in the world (2009) and the 5th largest gold producer in the world. Harmony and its subsidiaries conduct underground and surface gold mining and related activities, including exploration, processing, smelting and refining. During the fiscal year ended 8 October 2004 (fiscal 2004), the company processed approximately 33.955 million tons of ore and sold 3,225,187 ounces (100,376.7 kg) of gold. It also has operations in Australia, Papua New Guinea and Canada. The company owns a number of mines including Elandskraal mine and Phakisa Mine.
Harmony was incorporated and registered as a public company in South Africa on 25 August 1950 and later became a Randgold-managed company, exploiting the single Harmony mine lease. In 1995, Harmony was recreated as a separate entity following the winding up of Randgold.
Harmony’s operations have grown significantly since 1995, expanding from a single, lease-bound mining operation into an independent, world-class gold producer. The group received additional mining rights in the Free State, Mpumalanga, Gauteng and North West province in South Africa when it acquired Lydex in 1997, Evander in 1998, Kalgold in 1999, Randfontein in 2000, ARMgold in 2003 and Avgold in 2004.
Mining operations are conducted through various subsidiaries. Harmony's principal subsidiaries are Randfontein Estates, Evander Gold Mines, ARMgold/Harmony Freegold JV, ARMgold, Avgold Kalahari Goldridge Mining Company and Harmony Gold (Australia) (Pty) Limited. All are wholly-owned, direct subsidiaries incorporated in South Africa.